nicephorus the first

New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. Upon this he was arrested at midnight in March, 815, and banished to the monastery of St. Theodore, which he had built on the Bosporus. The emperor then commanded the abbots to maintain silence upon the matter and forbade them to hold meetings. With fearless energy the Patriarch Nicephorus now proceeded against the machinations of the Iconoclasts. Emperor Nicephorus now took violent measures. After his complete defeat, 22 June, 813, in the war against the Bulgarians, the emperor lost all authority. opuscula historica" in the "Bibliotheca Teubneriana" (Leipzig, 1880). In this city lived also the presbyter Sapricius, with whom Nicephorus was very friendly, so that they were considered as brothers. Troparion & Kontakion. Moreover, the patriarch now sent the customary written notification of his induction into office (Synodica) to the pope. 11. Nicephorus I Logothetis (802-811) Stravracius (811) Nicephorus I was born in Seleucia Sidera of Pisidia, a hellenistic city founded by Alexander's general Seleucus I Nicator. A large number of the laity were also present on this occasion and the patriarch with the clergy and people remained in the church the entire night in prayer. MLA citation. Nicephorus fell ill; when he recovered the emperor called upon him to defend his course before a synod of bishops friendly to iconoclasm. Shortly after this Nicephorus sought solitude on the Thracian Bosporus, where he had founded a monastery. Paris, Société d'édition "Les Belles lettres", 1927 (OCoLC)607728692: Named Person: Nicephorus Gregoras; Nicephorus Gregoras: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: Nicephorus Gregoras; Rodolphe Guilland Both these treatises were edited by Pitra; the first Epikrisis in "Spicilegium Solesmense", I, 302-335; the second Antirresis in the same, I, 371-503, and IV, 292-380. In the same year, which was the first year of the reign of Nicephorus, Aron Admirhas[Aron Admirhas is the Medieval Latin spelling of the name of caliph HārÅ«n al-RashÄ«d (‘Aaron the Just’; 763-809).] Next to each book is the count of its lines, his stichometry, to which we can compare our accepted texts and judge how much has been added or omitted. 510 Views . Both these treatises were edited by Pitra; the first Epikrisis in "Spicilegium Solesmense", I, 302-335; the second Antirresis in the same, I, 371-503, and IV, 292-380. Serruys, Paris, 1904). In it he sought to excuse the long delay by the tyranny of the preceding emperor, interwove a rambling confession of faith and promised to notify Rome at the proper time in regard to all important questions. However, Michael would not consent to an actual restoration of images such as Nicephorus demanded from him, for he declared that he did not wish to interfere in religious matters and would leave everything as he had found it. Theodore set forth, by speech and writing, the reasons for the action of the strict party and firmly maintained his position. After the death of the Patriarch Tarasios of Constantinople, although still a layman, he was chosen patriarch by the wish of the emperor (Easter, April 12, 806). Consequently, for a time, he took no further steps in the matter. Then Nicephorus called together an assembly of bishops and abbots at the Church of St. Sophia at which he excommunicated the perjured Bishop Anthony of Sylaeum. Leo had received no communication from Patriarch Nicephorus and was, therefore, not thoroughly informed in the matter; he also desired to spare the eastern emperor as much as possible. He entered into connection with the opponents of images, among whom were a number of bishops; it steadily grew more evident that he was preparing a new attack upon the veneration of images. On the other side Theodore, Plato, and the majority of their adherents recognized the patriarch as the lawful head of the Byzantine Church, and sought to bring the refractory back to his obedience. 0668 First Siege of Constantinople: This attack lasts off and on for seven years, with the Muslim forces generally spending the winters on the island of Cyzicus, a few miles south of Constantinople, and only sailing against the city during the spring and summer months.The Greeks are able to fend off repeated attacks with a weapon desperately feared by the Arabs: Greek Fire. Imprimatur. Nikephoros I of Constantinople trampling on, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Martyrs and Confessors", Orthodox Church in America, Development of the Canon of the New Testament: the Stichometry of Nicephorus, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nikephoros_I_of_Constantinople&oldid=989851729, Burials at the Church of the Holy Apostles, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. googletag.cmd.push(function(){googletag.display('div-gpt-ad-1402172227320-0');}); After his complete defeat, 22 June, 813, in the war against the Bulgarians, the emperor lost all authority. The emperor then commanded the abbots to maintain silence upon the matter and forbade them to hold meetings. Before the matter was settled Theodore had written to the patriarch entreating him not to reinstate the guilty priest, but had received no answer. On the advice of Nicephorus he put the heretical and seditious Paulicians to death and tried to suppress the Iconoclasts. He brought to trial before a synod several ecclesiastics opposed to images and forced an abbot named John and also Bishop Anthony of Sylaeum to submit. The editor of New Advent is Kevin Knight. Please help support the mission of New Advent and get the full contents of this website as an instant download. Nicephorus became known for his intellect and his eloquence, and received the post of imperial commissioner. On 2 October, 811, with the assent of the patriarch, Michael Rhangabe, brother-in-law of Stauracius, who raised to the throne. Gregoras, Nicephorus, 1295-1359 or 60. The Holy Martyr Nicephorus lived in the city of Syrian Antioch. Nicephorus." 17- 18). The emperor then summoned Nicephorus to him, and the patriarch went to the imperial palace accompanied by the abbots and monks. However, Michael would not consent to an actual restoration of images such as Nicephorus demanded from him, for he declared that he did not wish to interfere in religious matters and would leave everything as he had found it. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. cit., 205-534). He commanded the patriarch to call a synod, which was held in 809, and had Plato and several monks forcibly brought before it. After embracing monasticism, he became widely known for his piety. He would not agree, however, and remained in the monastery of St. Theodore, where he continued by speech and writing to defend the veneration of images. Nicephorus Callistus Xanthopoulos, also spelled Nikephoros Kallistos Xanthopoulos, (born c. 1256—died c. 1335), Byzantine historian and litterateur whose stylistic prose and poetry exemplify the developing Byzantine humanism of the 13th and 14th centuries and whose 23-volume Ecclesiasticae historiae (“Church History”), of which only the first 18 volumes survive, constitutes a significant … Contact information. An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Nicephorus ancestors lived in harsh conditions. Defending himself against the accusation that he and his companions were schismatic, he declared that he had kept silent as long as possible, had censured no bishops, and had always included the name of the patriarch in the liturgy. While still young Nicephorus was brought to the court, where he became an imperial secretary. He was well educated. This champion of the orthodox view in the second contest over the veneration of images belonged to a noted family of Constantinople. The uncanonical choice met with opposition from the strictly clerical party of the Stoudites, and this opposition intensified into an open break when Nikephoros, in other respects a very rigid moralist, showed himself compliant to the will of the emperor by reinstating the excommunicated priest Joseph. Nicephorus first had a long, private conversation with the emperor, in which he vainly endeavoured to dissuade Leo from his opposition to the veneration of images. The festival is first mentioned by St Andrew of Crete (c. 650), and, according to the Byzantine historian Nicephorus Callistus (Hist. The opponents of the patriarch were condemned, the Archbishop of Thessalonica was deposed, the Abbots Plato and Theodore with their monks were banished to neighbouring islands and cast into various prisons. Theodore declared that silence under these conditions would be treason and expressed sympathy with the patriarch whom the emperor forbade to hold public service in the church. Nicephorus added to this second part seventy-five extracts from the writings of the Fathers [edited by Pitra, "Spicilegium Solesmense", I (Paris, 1852), 227-370]; in two further writings, which also apparently belong together, passages from earlier writers, that had been used by the enemies of images to maintain their opinions, are examined and explained. The first full English translation, with an introduction, of Al-Qasida al-Arminiyya al-MalÊ¿una (The Armenian Cursed Ode)— written on behalf of Nicephorus Phocas (regn. He then withdrew to one of the cloisters that he had founded on the eastern shore of the Bosporus, until he was appointed director of the largest home for the destitute in Constantinople c. 802. February 1, 1911. A large number of the laity were also present on this occasion and the patriarch with the clergy and people remained in the church the entire night in prayer. The patriarch endeavoured to establish monastic discipline among the monks, and to suppress double monasteries which had been forbidden by the Seventh Ecumenical Council. Emperor Nicephorus continued to persecute all adherents of Theodore of Studium, and, in addition, oppressed those of whom he had grown suspicious, whether clergy or dignitaries of the empire. Pope Leo sent an encouraging and consolatory reply to the resolute confessors, upon which they wrote another letter to him through Epiphanius. He brought to trial before a synod several ecclesiastics opposed to images and forced an abbot named John and also Bishop Anthony of Sylaeum to submit. Nicephorus then restructured the army, reinforced discipline, and improved recruiting as well as wrote treatises on military tactics that have been attributed to him. The exiled Nicephorus persevered in his opposition and wrote several treatises against iconoclasm. This page was last edited on 21 November 2020, at 11:53. The dogmatic treatises, chiefly on this subject, that he wrote are as follows: a lesser "Apology for the Catholic Church concerning the newly arisen Schism in regard to Sacred Images" (Migne, P.G., C, 833-849), written 813-14; a larger treatise in two parts; the first part is an "Apology for the pure, unadulterated Faith of Christians against those who accuse us of idolatry" (Migne, loc. Law and a scandal Donald J Theodore 's brother, Archbishop Joseph of Thessalonica, of. Was universally hated Easter Sunday, 12 April 806 to 2018 less than 5 people per year have been with... Great hospital sent to Abbasid caliph al-MuteeÊ¿ ( regn Item Preview remove-circle Share Embed! Abbot Theodore of Studium accordingly emperor Leo 's proposal to hold a conference the cause of the `` Bibliotheca ''! 13Th, 1892 Leipzig, 1880 ) logothete of the main treasury ) polemic for cause. The third of these larger works is a searchable database of more than 70 million names but no agreement reached. 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